Zika Infection Testing

Mosquito biting person on the arm.

Approximately 1 in 5

Infected people will become ill

Symptoms

Include fever, rash, joint pain, conjunctivitis

Transmission

Possible from mother to baby during pregnancy

Treatment

No treatment or vaccine is available at this time

  • Zika infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects and is associated with other pregnancy problems.
  • Zika can cause fever, rash, joint pain and conjunctivitis.
  • All pregnant women in the US should be assessed at each prenatal care visit for possible Zika exposure. 
  • People who live in or have recently traveled to an area with active Zika transmission.
  • People who have unprotected sex with someone confirmed to have Zika virus infection or who live in or traveled to an area with active Zika transmission.
  • Bite from an infected mosquito.
  • Sex, even if the infected person does not have symptoms at the time.
  • Do not travel to areas with known Zika outbreaks. 
  • Pregnant patients should protect themselves from mosquito bites and take steps to prevent sexual transmission during and after travel.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants. 
  • Stay and sleep in places with air conditioning and window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
  • Take steps to control mosquitoes inside and outside the home.
  • Sleep under a mosquito bed net if traveling overseas or outside and are not able to be protected from mosquito bites.
  • Use condoms and other barriers to reduce the chance of getting Zika from sex.
  • Not having sex can eliminate the risk of getting Zika from sex.

Additional information can be found at www.cdc.gov/zika/.